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  • Loan repayments made, None. Total contribution refunds, None. Individual refunds, None. Political party refunds, None. Other committee refunds, None. Other disbursements, None. Total federal election activity, None. Allocated federal election activity - federal share, None. Allocated federal election activity - Levin share.
  • Republicans in the Pennsylvania state Senate are making another attempt to end the ability of public-sector labor unions to collect full dues and political action House Bill will create a reformed retirement benefit plan, with both defined benefit and defined contribution factors for future state and public school.
  • Political Action Committee (PAC) — A popular term for a political committee organized for the purpose of raising and spending money to elect and defeat candidates. Most PACs represent business, labor or Affiliated PACs are treated as one donor for the purpose of contribution limits. PACs have been around since ,  Missing: casino ‎formula.
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  1. In the United States, a political action committee (PAC) is a type of organization that pools campaign contributions from members and donates those funds to campaign for or against candidates, ballot initiatives, or legislation. The legal term PAC has been created in pursuit of campaign finance reform in the United casinopokies.reviewg: casino ‎formula.:
    The Pfizer PAC is an employee-run organization with a steering committee made up of Pfizer employees from around the country. When choosing to make a contribution to a candidate, the Pfizer PAC considers candidates' views on issues that impact Pfizer and its employees as well as the presence of Pfizer facilities or  Missing: casino ‎defined. Rebecca Foster is a campaign spokeswoman for Progress for Maine, a political action committee that is leading the effort to build a casino in York Our goal is to share more details about our vision, highlight the benefits of a York County casino and grow our broad coalition of support – business and. MGM Resorts International Political Action Committee. .. policies and procedures, including this Policy and the Compliance Plan. As discussed in Section 3, you have an obligation .. of the Company must be accurate and safeguard confidential information, as defined in the Code of Conduct, about our employees, guests.
  2. Las Vegas casino magnate Sheldon Adelson—who spent at least $92 million to support Republican candidates in the election—waiting with his wife, . The big money for Clinton is expected to go both to Priorities USA, a Super PAC that backed Obama but is now switching to support her and will.:
    Over the summer, the casino operation began transitioning to a more conventional campaign. And like the signature gathering effort, it has spared no expense. The political action committee Progress for Maine hired several high-profile consultants, including Goddard Gunster, the D.C.-based firm that.
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His sister, Miami resident Lisa Scott, appeared as the only donor to the campaign. During the March hearing, Dan Riley, an Augusta lobbyist hastily retained by entities backing the campaign, told the committee that he had been hired by Bridge Capital, a high-risk investment firm based in Saipan of the Mariana Islands, in which Scott is a partner. Riley later said he was mistaken about the identity of his client.

Nonetheless, his testimony prompted the Ethics Commission to question the casino campaign about its funding sources. In April, the campaign filed a new round of finance reports , revealing domestic and offshore funding sources with ties to Shawn Scott.

Credit Maine Ethics Commission. A similar network of corporations was involved in the campaign to pass gambling facility in Massachusetts last year. Over the summer, the casino operation began transitioning to a more conventional campaign.

And like the signature gathering effort, it has spared no expense. The political action committee Progress for Maine hired several high-profile consultants , including Goddard Gunster, the D. Ketterer also acted as public advocate for the project, holding a series of press interviews last week that appeared designed to give the campaign a much needed boost in legitimacy. Progress for Maine is also targeting its opposition, Bad Deal for Maine and media outlets that have scrutinized the campaign.

The vote next month on the York County casino may be about campaign tactics and business practices as much as it is about slot machines and blackjack tables. Steve Mistler has been following this odyssey and gives a full accounting at Mainepublic.

Steve joins us now with the abridged version. The backers of this wanted this vote held last year. Well they had a really short window to collect the 61, plus signatures that they needed to get on the ballot in The campaign has never really divulged this but you can assume by the way they acted that they thought they could close that gap by increasing the amount of money they were paying to paid circulators to get these signatures that they needed.

It's a staggering amount of money in this business. But what happened was, once the circulators went out to collect the signatures, there were reports that they were overly aggressive or they weren't being fully honest about what the proposal was. And, so, at the end of the day, they gathered about 91, signatures and submitted those to the secretary of state to validate them.

And less than half of them turned out to be valid. Then, the secretary of state issued a report saying there were these widespread irregularities. And that, in effect, blocked the proposal from appearing on the ballot. Many politicians also form Leadership PACs as a way of raising money to help fund other candidates' campaigns.

Leadership PACs are often indicative of a politician's aspirations for leadership positions in Congress or for higher office. A breakdown of spending by Leadership PACs is available on this web site. A new type of PAC was created after the U.

Court of Appeals decision in Speechnow v. These PACs make no contributions to candidates or parties. They do, however make independent expenditures in federal races - running ads or sending mail or communicating in other ways with messages that specifically advocate the election or defeat of a specific candidate.

Whether Kennedy, who wrote the majority opinion, was being ingenuous or disingenuous in making this uninformed observation, it changed the shape of American politics. The idea that the so-called independent committees remain absolutely separate and apart from the candidate or the campaign they support is laughable.

The two entities have various ways to coordinate so that the independent group knows precisely what kinds of ads would be helpful. The chairman of the Super PAC might well be a former aide of the candidate, often as not a chief of staff, or a close friend or a brother-in-law. The two entities can share the same consultants and advertisers. The Super PAC can sell its data to the campaign. If people are concerned about the gaping and growing disparity of wealth in this country, the pattern of political donations is one place to look for its source.

Republican governors can come down hard on the overwhelmingly pro-Democratic public employee unions because they have direct power over them through government contracts.

Since the estate tax, in existence for nearly a hundred years, has been the subject of a running argument for some time, what was the hurry to pass this bill when so much else, including a large-scale revision of the tax code, is on the agenda?

The bill also contained a provision that explicitly exempted large donors from having to pay gift taxes on their donations to political groups—a measure some billionaires had urged on Congress in order to protect themselves since the IRS had hinted that it might consider political donations subject to the gift tax.

After the Republicans took over both chambers this year, it did. Only three House Republicans voted against the bill, and all but seven Democrats voted against it. A frequently heard rationale for the money frenzy is that the other side also has a lot of money, or might get it. The perennial problem is that incumbents who have succeeded within the system as it is are reluctant to change it—and this reluctance has been largely bipartisan.

The first adoption of real campaign finance controls was approved on a broad bipartisan basis in , after the Watergate revelations, in which a suitcase stuffed with cash was a symbol. Now they are simply more expensive. The McCain—Feingold law regulating the financing of political campaigns was adopted in in reaction to the scandals in the s when both parties, but particularly the Democrats because they controlled the presidency, were caught accepting illegal foreign contributions.

Bush in , was determined to pass new legislation. Russ Feingold was the only Democrat McCain could find to cosponsor his bill. After the George W. Bush White House tried to torpedo it and failed, Bush signed it when McCain was out of town on a congressional recess. The combination of political self-protection and the Supreme Court has rendered real reform by Congress seemingly hopeless for the time being. Some elected officials have been willing to call for disclosure of the big donations that the IRS rules now allow to be hidden in dark money accounts.

The theory is that at least some of the donors or recipients of big amounts of money could be embarrassed into giving up such donations. But as with voting rights and even foreign policy, campaign finance reform is more partisan than ever before.

Now that the Republicans have shown themselves more able than Democrats to raise outside money, they have no interest in disclosure of contributions to such funds.

In , following the Citizens United decision, the Democratic-controlled House passed a bill requiring dark money accounts that contribute to federal campaigns to disclose their donors, but in the Senate this bill fell short by one vote of surviving a threatened filibuster.

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The Super PAC s and dark money groups are the progeny of the infamous Citizens United decision by the Supreme Court in , along with an appeals court decision later that year, SpeechNow. Citizens United is a conservative group that makes ads and documentaries. The decision erased the limit on corporate funds in elections going back to Theodore Roosevelt in By a ruling of 5—4, the five being the usual conservatives, including, crucially, Anthony Kennedy, the Court held for the first time that businesses could make contributions to influence federal campaigns.

The Court majority acted on the faulty assumption that so-called independent committees are truly independent of the campaigns. Whether Kennedy, who wrote the majority opinion, was being ingenuous or disingenuous in making this uninformed observation, it changed the shape of American politics.

The idea that the so-called independent committees remain absolutely separate and apart from the candidate or the campaign they support is laughable.

The two entities have various ways to coordinate so that the independent group knows precisely what kinds of ads would be helpful.

The chairman of the Super PAC might well be a former aide of the candidate, often as not a chief of staff, or a close friend or a brother-in-law. The two entities can share the same consultants and advertisers. The Super PAC can sell its data to the campaign. If people are concerned about the gaping and growing disparity of wealth in this country, the pattern of political donations is one place to look for its source.

Republican governors can come down hard on the overwhelmingly pro-Democratic public employee unions because they have direct power over them through government contracts.

Since the estate tax, in existence for nearly a hundred years, has been the subject of a running argument for some time, what was the hurry to pass this bill when so much else, including a large-scale revision of the tax code, is on the agenda?

The bill also contained a provision that explicitly exempted large donors from having to pay gift taxes on their donations to political groups—a measure some billionaires had urged on Congress in order to protect themselves since the IRS had hinted that it might consider political donations subject to the gift tax.

After the Republicans took over both chambers this year, it did. Only three House Republicans voted against the bill, and all but seven Democrats voted against it. A frequently heard rationale for the money frenzy is that the other side also has a lot of money, or might get it. The perennial problem is that incumbents who have succeeded within the system as it is are reluctant to change it—and this reluctance has been largely bipartisan.

The first adoption of real campaign finance controls was approved on a broad bipartisan basis in , after the Watergate revelations, in which a suitcase stuffed with cash was a symbol. Now they are simply more expensive. The McCain—Feingold law regulating the financing of political campaigns was adopted in in reaction to the scandals in the s when both parties, but particularly the Democrats because they controlled the presidency, were caught accepting illegal foreign contributions.

Bush in , was determined to pass new legislation. Russ Feingold was the only Democrat McCain could find to cosponsor his bill. After the George W. Bush White House tried to torpedo it and failed, Bush signed it when McCain was out of town on a congressional recess. The combination of political self-protection and the Supreme Court has rendered real reform by Congress seemingly hopeless for the time being.

Do we really want to see Maine dollars — and potential Maine diners, shoppers and concertgoers — heading out of the state? The project will create hundreds of high-quality permanent jobs as well as construction jobs.

This means more revenue to keep our income, sales and property taxes from increasing, and additional funding for education, health care and agriculture. It will also boost businesses by providing job training and partnerships with community colleges and career centers.

Dedicated slot machine revenues from any York County casino will go directly to the University of Maine System scholarship fund, drug education initiatives throughout the state and vital programs at the Office of Aging and Disability Services. The blueprint for success that fueled Bangor can be replicated in York County. Here at MaineToday Media we value our readers and are committed to growing our community by encouraging you to add to the discussion.

To ensure conscientious dialogue we have implemented a strict no-bullying policy. To participate, you must follow our Terms of Use. Click here to flag and report a comment that violates our terms of use.

Daughter of driver with suspended license dies in crash. They do, however make independent expenditures in federal races - running ads or sending mail or communicating in other ways with messages that specifically advocate the election or defeat of a specific candidate.

There are no limits or restrictions on the sources of funds that may be used for these expenditures. These committees file regular financial reports with the FEC which include their donors along with their expenditures. View the current list of super PACs. Search for a PAC.

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The PAC's money came from voluntary contributions from union members rather than union treasuries, so it did not violate the Smith Connally Act of , which forbade unions from contributing to federal candidates. Although commonly called PACs, federal election law refers to these accounts as "separate segregated funds" because money contributed to a PAC is kept in a bank account separate from the general corporate or union treasury.

Many politicians also form Leadership PACs as a way of raising money to help fund other candidates' campaigns. Leadership PACs are often indicative of a politician's aspirations for leadership positions in Congress or for higher office. A breakdown of spending by Leadership PACs is available on this web site.

A new type of PAC was created after the U. Court of Appeals decision in Speechnow v. These PACs make no contributions to candidates or parties. They do, however make independent expenditures in federal races - running ads or sending mail or communicating in other ways with messages that specifically advocate the election or defeat of a specific candidate.

There are no limits or restrictions on the sources of funds that may be used for these expenditures. Most of the 4, active, registered PACs are "connected PACs" established by businesses, labor unions, trade groups, or health organizations. These PACs receive and raise money from a "restricted class", generally consisting of managers and shareholders in the case of a corporation and members in the case of a union or other interest group.

As of January , there were 1, registered corporate PACs, related to labor unions and to trade organizations. Groups with an ideological mission, single-issue groups, and members of Congress and other political leaders may form "non-connected PACs".

These organizations may accept funds from any individual, connected PAC, or organization. As of January , there were 1, non-connected PACs, the fastest-growing category. Elected officials and political parties cannot give more than the federal limit directly to candidates. However, they can set up a Leadership PAC that makes independent expenditures.

Provided the expenditure is not coordinated with the other candidate, this type of spending is not limited. Since current officeholders have an easier time attracting contributions, Leadership PACs are a way dominant parties can capture seats from other parties. A leadership PAC sponsored by an elected official cannot use funds to support that official's own campaign.

However, it may fund travel, administrative expenses, consultants, polling, and other non-campaign expenses. Super PACs, officially known as " independent-expenditure only committees", may not make contributions to candidate campaigns or parties, but may engage in unlimited political spending independently of the campaigns. Unlike traditional PACs, they can raise funds from individuals, corporations, unions, and other groups without any legal limit on donation size.

Super PACs were made possible by two judicial decisions: Federal Election Commission and, two months later, Speechnow. Circuit held that PACs that did not make contributions to candidates, parties, or other PACs could accept unlimited contributions from individuals, unions, and corporations both for profit and not-for-profit for the purpose of making independent expenditures.

The result of the Citizens United and SpeechNow. The opinions gave a sample wording letter which all Super PACs must submit to qualify for the deregulated status, and such letters continue to be used by Super PACs up to the present date. Walther dissented on both opinions and issued a statement giving his thoughts. This restriction is intended to prevent them from operating campaigns that complement or parallel those of the candidates they support or engaging in negotiations that could result in quid pro quo bargaining between donors to the PAC and the candidate or officeholder.

However, it is legal for candidates and Super PAC managers to discuss campaign strategy and tactics through the media. Super PACs may support particular candidacies. In the presidential election, Super PACs played a major role, spending more than the candidates' election campaigns in the Republican primaries.

In the election campaign, most of the money given to super PACs came from wealthy individuals, not corporations. This means early in the election cycle, PACs had already greatly exceeded total receipts of By January , at least 38 states and the federal government required disclosure for all or some independent expenditures or electioneering communications.

Yet despite disclosure rules, it is possible to spend money without voters knowing the identities of donors before the election. In one high-profile case, a donor to a super PAC kept his name hidden by using an LLC formed for the purpose of hiding their personal name. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article needs to be updated. Please update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information.

This article is about political organizations.

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A fundraiser for a political party may not be split between campaign and non-campaign purposes with corporate contributions received and channeled to non-campaign purposes A corporation may not pay taxes assessed on interest earned by its separate segregated fund. The payment of taxes upon income of a corporate separate segregated fund earned by placement of the fund's monies in an interest bearing account or certificates of deposit are not "administration" expenses and, therefore, may not be paid with corporate funds The purchase of entertainment, premiums, and raffle prizes with corporate funds for a fund raising event held by the corporation's separate segregated fund would constitute prohibited corporate contributions.

The predominate element of "solicitation of contributions" is communication. The purchase of entertainment, premiums, and raffle prizes for a fund raising event held by a separate segregated fund lies beyond the scope of "solicitation of contributions. A disbursement made to prepare and distribute a document which does not support or oppose a candidate or ballot issue either directly or by clear inference does not constitute an expenditure.

This disbursement in itself will not make it necessary for the person s involved to register as a committee A person who makes expenditures in order to determine whether or not to seek office is nonetheless a "candidate". Literature, which is distributed to determine whether or not a person should seek office, is subject to the identification requirements. Contributors to a Candidate Committee of a candidate who is involved in a Recall Election are not subject to the contribution limits, since to do so "would treat contributors to the proponents of a recall differently than contributors to the committee of the state official who is the subject of the recall.

The candidate's county of residence is irrelevant as to when a person becomes a candidate. A candidate who runs for office in one county while residing in another county, and who subsequently moves to the county where he or she is seeking office, must file an amended Statement of Organization indicating the change with the county clerk of the candidate's new county of residence Aerial banners towed by an airplane are exempt from the identification requirements The committee must have a single Michigan depository and a treasurer who is a qualified Michigan elector.

Section 44 4 P. An out-of-state political action committee which 1 is registered with the Federal Election Commission and 2 does not solicit or accept contributions from persons other than those specified in Sections 55 2 or 55 3 of the Act may transfer funds to an affiliated committee which has a Michigan depository and treasurer and makes expenditures in Michigan elections.

All applicable reporting requirements must be followed. A corporation that has a separate segregated fund may pay for the cost of office space, phones, salaries, utilities, supplies, legal and accounting fees, and other expenses with respect to setting up and running the SSF. The travel expenses of the officers or directors of a SSF established by a trade association may be paid by the officer or director's corporation or by the trade association which established the SSF.

A corporation that is a member of a non-profit corporation that has a SSF may permit "occasional, isolated, or incidental use of corporate facilities or personnel" for purposes of the establishment, administration, or solicitation of contributions for the SSF, not to exceed one hour per week or four hours per month Consequently, advertising purchased in a program book, ad book, or newspaper published by a Political Party Committee and which promotes a candidate is an "expenditure.

A political subdivision or governmental agency is not subject to the Act, and may not, directly or indirectly, make contributions or expenditures pursuant to the Act A Gubernatorial Candidate Committee's private funds account may not be used to pay a committee debt with the Intent that when public funds are received the private funds account will be reimbursed A loan is a "contribution" and, therefore, may not be made between two Candidate Committees, even when both committees are Candidate Committees held by the same individual.

Any left over funds or funds, which are not consumed or used up by the candidate's first committee, may be transferred to his or her second committee when the second committee has a higher contribution limit. These transfers are not contributions. In addition, since a loan is a contribution, candidate committee to candidate committee loans are prohibited.

If a candidate has transferred left over funds or funds which were not consumed or used up by the candidate's first committee to his or her second committee, it would be inconsistent to allow any funds to be returned to the dissolving committee When providing the information required on the certified statement accompanying a contribution, an out-of-state committee may utilize the last-in-first-out LIFO method or may divide the expenditure by the number of persons contributing to the committee.

An out-of-state committee that registers as a Michigan committee need not itemize all its receipts and expenditures on Campaign Statements. It must fully report all expenditures made to Michigan candidates and ballot issues and report contributors to the extent their contribution was utilized in a Michigan election A candidate or his committee would not be exercising direction or control over a Political Committee by making available to that committee copies of speeches, schedules or press releases as long as these items are available to the general public upon request.

Expenses incurred in a joint fund raiser held by a Political Committee and a candidate committee may not be considered "independent expenditures. The Act does not specifically make contributions in the form of ticket purchases non-matchable for public funds The purchase of advertising space in a newsletter published by a committee is a contribution to the committee.

A corporation is, therefore, prohibited from purchasing such advertising space. With respect to the determination of whether an expenditure for communications between committees is an "independent expenditure", the critical factor is not the character of the communication the Act does not regulate communications between committees , but rather whether a particular expenditure was made at the direction of, or under the control of, a particular person There is no provision of the Act which would preclude an Independent or Political Committee which is not a corporate separate segregated fund from contributing to both state and federal candidates A disbursement made by a Political Party Committee to influence the Apportionment Commission, the Supreme Court, or other body with respect to Apportionment, while permissible, is not an expenditure, and is not subject to the Act A Federal Candidate Committee may hold a joint fund raiser with a Political Committee registered under the Act as long as the procedures for joint fund raisers are followed.

The Political Committee must not, however, collect contributions from persons with the intent, agreement or arrangement that the money will be transferred to a particular Candidate Committee A person may be a "candidate" for one seat while still an incumbent, and therefore, also a "candidate" for another seat. The Candidate Committee for the office for which the person is an incumbent must be maintained until the deadline for filing for reelection to the incumbent seat has passed.

An officeholder may not dissolve his or her Candidate Committee for that office until becoming "constitutionally or legally barred from seeking reelection or fails to file for reelection to that office by the applicable filing deadline", even though the officeholder has announced his or her candidacy for another office. If a candidate simultaneously holds two Candidate Committees, and if one of the committees has a higher contribution limit than the other, and if funds are transferred from the committee having the lower limits to the committee having the higher limits, then the funds so transferred may not be transferred back A corporation that permits candidates to visit the company's plants is not making a corporate contribution, provided that the visits are equally available to all candidates for a particular office, and there is no communication by the corporation in support of or in opposition to a candidate A radio program hosted by an elected public official does not constitute an "expenditure" by the radio station, nor by the commercial sponsors of the program, provided that the content of the program does not "support or oppose a ballot issue or candidate by name or clear inference", including the host candidate A judge who becomes a candidate for another office and forms a new Candidate Committee for that office must file an Annual Campaign Statement for the second committee.

An unopposed candidate who shares equally in a joint expenditure with an opposed candidate does not make a contribution to the opposed candidate in violation of Section The opposed candidate may receive a greater benefit from the advertisement, but that benefit has no ascertainable monetary value and is, therefore, not a "contribution" under the Act The Candidate Committee of a candidate for federal office is not automatically required to comply with the registration and filing requirement of the Michigan Campaign Finance Act.

Compliance may be required, however, if the federal candidate is also a candidate for state or local office or if the committee engages in finance activity within the purview of the Act. A contribution from a federal committee to a Political Party Committee that is clearly designated as being for other than campaign purposes does not constitute an "expenditure" and would not subject the federal committee to the reporting requirements of the Act If a contribution is made from a partnership account, and if some of the partners are incorporated, then the contribution is permissible provided that it is attributed solely to unincorporated partners A person who paid a late filing fee for such a contribution may apply for and obtain a refund.

The language of Section 82 is to be construed to mean that persons entitled to refunds of late filing fees under the Section are persons who made contributions prior to July 1, , and not as persons who paid late filing fees prior to July 1, The fact that failure to make a "technically required filing was unintentional" and that "the circumstances are somewhat unique and do not suggest negligence in the ordinary sense" does not constitute "good cause" for purposes of waiving late filing fees.

Failure to file a required document is not a matter which can be conciliated, since Section 16 requires that persons who fail to file are to be referred to the Attorney General Printed material prepared and ordered by a Candidate Committee but paid for by a Political Action Committee is an in-kind contribution to the Candidate Committee.

Printed materials having reference to an election, candidate or ballot question must have the name and address of the person paying for the materials on it. The political action committee must be identified on the material as the person paying for it. An Independent or Political Committee which pays the printing costs of campaign materials for a candidate must be identified on the materials paid for, even though the Candidate Committee has prepared, and distributes, the printed material A Candidate Committee's unexpended funds may only be disposed of when the committee dissolves A contribution made to a committee is an expenditure by the contributor.

A person becomes a "candidate" for purposes of the Act by raising money, even though the individual has not announced as a candidate, filed for office, campaigned, or otherwise become a candidate in the ordinary sense of the word. A committee that is not required to organize and file under the Act i. Committees other than Candidate Committees are not subject to Section 45 2 , and may dispose of unexpended funds in any lawful manner. A joint rally is not a "fund raising event" so long as contributions are not "solicited or received by purchase of a ticket, payment of an attendance fee, donations or chances for prizes, or through purchase of goods or services.

Prior to the event a written agreement should be made allocating the expenses. Expenses may be shared equally or allocated based on some other criteria which will insure that no Candidate Committee pays a disproportionate share of the expenses. One committee may pay all the expenses and then be reimbursed in accordance with the written agreement by the other committees.

The full price of an art object purchased at an art auction sponsored by a committee is a "contribution" from the purchaser, as is the purchase of admission tickets or attendance fees. An art auctioneer who conducts an auction on behalf of a committee makes an chant contribution to the extent that he provides admission tickets, advertising flyers, and posters without cost to the committee A post-election thank-you dinner given soon after the election by a committee for the committee's staff is an "expenditure" and may be paid for with committee funds An appointed officeholder becomes a "candidate" when the appointment is accepted.

The appointment is "accepted" when the officeholder is sworn into office. Any money received from the sale of merchandise at a garage sale sponsored by a committee is a "contribution", irrespective of the fair market value of the goods received by the purchaser.

The person who contributes an item to a garage sale fund raiser and the person who purchases that item are both contributors A Post-Qualification Campaign Statement is not required to be filed with respect to a ballot question which automatically appears on the ballot pursuant to Article XII, Section 3 of the Michigan Constitution of , since such a ballot question does not require certification by the State Board of Canvassers An individual does not become a candidate for purposes of the Act by merely circulating petitions Transfer of Committee funds to savings account, certificate of deposit or interest bearing account.

A candidate may apply public funds against qualified campaign expenditures that are defined as An expenditure for services, materials Use of Funds for purchase of ads in testimonial book, program and fundraising tickets. The Michigan Municipal League, a nonprofit corporation, maybe subject to the requirements of P.

Section 35 was amended, P. This Act changes the closing date of the Annual Campaign Statement from June 20 to December 31 and the report filing due date from June 30 to January This Act also provides for waiver of the Annual Campaign Statement if the committee has filed a Post Election Campaign Statement within 30 days of the December 31 closing date A late filing fee is a debt owed to the state or county from the time it is due until it is actually paid.

A late filing fee is like any other fee, fine, or tax that must be paid to a unit of government. It is the Department's view that a candidate, the committee, and the treasurer are all responsible for the late filing fees of the candidate's committee. The committee and the committee's treasurer are responsible for late filing fees assessed Independent, Political and Political Party Committees. A corporation which permits yard signs to be placed on its property may be making a prohibited in-kind contribution, since it is providing the use of its facilities.

However, whether a contribution has been made will depend upon whether the use of the facilities has ascertainable monetary value, which in turn depends upon the facts in each individual case The Act does not give the Department of State any authority to reduce, waive or suspend late filing fees, even if meritorious defenses are presented. Accordingly, any late filing fee assessed by a filing official cannot be waived.

A parent corporation owning a subsidiary domestic insurance corporation doing business in Michigan may contribute to the qualification, passage, or defeat of a ballot question under the provisions of Section 54 of the Campaign Finance Act, and may establish a separate, segregated fund under the provisions of section 55 of the Campaign Finance Act, P.

This is true even if the two committees support or oppose separate ballot questions An individual does not become a "candidate" for purposes of the Act by being appointed by a village council to run for village office, pursuant to the village charter However, a municipal corporation possesses only such powers as are granted to it by the State, and should be aware that there may be other constitutional or statutory prohibitions upon the use of public funds for political purposes.

Secretary of State, July 11, Both payment of fees in lieu of nominating petitions and payment of late filing fees constitute "expenditures" and must be reported as such. A "candidate committee" does not include a Federal Candidate Committee.

A disbursement from a state Candidate Committee to a Federal Candidate Committee is not an "expenditure" and, therefore, may not be made by the State Candidate Committee. Joint fund raiser rules apply. However, the Federal Candidate Committee may contribute to the State Candidate Committee and may, therefore, pay more than its fair share of the joint expenses, or receive less than its fair share of the joint benefits, subject to the provisions of federal law.

A Federal Candidate Committee that contributes to a State Candidate Committee is a "person" which is subject to contribution limitations Purchase of advertising in a printed program book produced by a Candidate Committee in connection with a fund raiser constitutes a "contribution", therefore, sale of such advertising to a corporation is prohibited Distribution of State maps with Incumbent name and District number. The Campaign Finance Act does not give anybody, including the Secretary of State, the authority to forgive or cancel late filing fees regardless of the extenuating circumstances or good intentions on the part of the committee.

Therefore, requests for forgiveness of fees cannot be complied with by the Department of State. For purposes of determining the "members" from whom a nonprofit corporation's separate segregated fund SSF may solicit contributions, the SSF must rely upon the definition of "member" in the corporation's bylaws, pursuant to Section of the General Corporation Act MCL The Department is not empowered to interpret the Act as assuming that late filed Campaign Statements which were received by the filing official on Monday were actually received on the prior Saturday.

However, the filing official may make arrangements to have mail delivered to his or her office on Saturday. Campaign Statements present in a filing official's mail on the first Monday following a Friday filing deadline are considered to be three days late when late filing fees are calculated. If the filing official arranges to have mail delivered on the Saturday following the due date Friday , reports received on Saturday are considered one day late when filing fees are calculated.

A provision in the Insurance Code of which prohibits contributions by insurers which would influence or effect the vote on a ballot question is unconstitutional An individual may transfer funds from the state elective committee to the local committee, but may not transfer funds from the local committee to the state elective committee. A "separate segregated fund" SSF is a committee The value of work performed by a member of an association for election purposes, and at the direction of the association, constitutes an in-kind contribution by the association.

An incorporated labor union is subject to Section 55, regardless of the reasons for its incorporation Repayment of a loan to a Candidate Committee by a Ballot Question Committee is not an "expenditure" and is permissible, provided that the original loan was reported as such by both committees A new committee is liable for filing the first Campaign Statement which has a closing date after the committee's date of formation An outstanding cash balance carried over from a previous election is considered to be a "receipt" for the succeeding election and, therefore, is applicable in determining if a committee has the reporting waiver.

A negotiated settlement of less than the full value of the debt is a contribution if the settlement is not available to the general public.

In order that the discounting or writing off of a debt is not made a contribution, the committee must receive prior approval from the Department of State. This approval will be granted only when the Department is convinced that certain conditions are met. A settlement approved by the Department is not made for the purpose of influencing the nomination or election of a candidate and is not, therefore, a contribution.

As long as the settlement is not a contribution, it may be made with a corporate creditor. State Campaign Fund money may be used for the settlement s if proof is submitted that the debts are qualified expenditures.

The McCullough-Michigan Committee MMC may apply money in its public funding account to retire primary debts that are qualified expenditures for the primary election. However, for the period subsequent to 60 days after the primary election, MMC must submit proof to the Department that the money being spent from the public funding account is directed to, and not in excess of, qualified campaign expenditures Corporate contribution to OEF. The Department interprets section 6 3 b as allowing only those materials prepared by a person for communication with a person's members to be exempted from the definition of "expenditure".

More specifically, disbursements for communication which fall within the exemption of section 6 3 b must meet the following criteria:. An officeholder may not, under any circumstances, receive contributions in excess of the contribution limitations An individual becomes a candidate on the date he or she orders campaign materials A person who is appointed to an elective office always becomes a candidate for that office for purposes of the Act. A committee treasurer has the responsibility for maintaining the committee's records, and the committee is responsible for ascertaining that the treasurer is meeting this requirement.

If the committee's treasurer changes, then the new treasurer, the former treasurer, and the committee principals are collectively responsible for the transferal of the records. If the committee dissolves, then the last treasurer of the committee is responsible for the maintenance of the records. If that person is not available, then the responsibility revolves upon the committee's principals.

Although a Candidate Committee may not support another Candidate Committee, a candidate, in his or her capacity as an individual, may support other candidates. A commission or board may expend appropriate funds to inform the public of an objective manner on issues relevant to the function of the commission or board, it may not expend public funds to urge the electorate to support or oppose a particular candidate or ballot question Contributions made to an Independent or Political Committee may not be "earmarked" for particular candidates.

Corporate PACs may not solicit contributions from employees of subsidiary corporations A public utility which pays for the expenses of a Special Election as mandated by law does not become a committee An officer of a corporation, or of an incorporated trade association, may not engage in campaign activities in an official Capacity or while on corporate time A contribution not designated in writing for a particular election shall be considered made for the next election held Primary Election, General Election, Caucus, Convention if made on or before the date of the election.

A contribution designated in writing for an election already held shall be made only to the extent that the contribution does not exceed net outstanding debts and obligations from the prior election. Equipment furnished to a candidate by a corporation for non-election purposes may not be used for campaign purposes Expenditures made to influence a political convention in which no candidates are nominated are not subject to the reporting requirements of the Act Only non-profit corporations may receive contributions from members of the corporation, and the members must be individuals or their spouses, and not other corporations An "independent expenditure" is an expenditure "not made with the cooperation or with the prior consent of, or in consultation with, or at the request or suggestion of, a candidate or any agent or committee of such candidate.

Payment of expenses incidental to holding office from the officeholder's personal funds is not subject to the reporting requirements Committee funds may be transferred to an interest bearing account without being an expenditure, but any interest earned must be reported. If a treasurer is unable to perform his or her requisite duties, a new treasurer may be appointed. Questions regarding the transfer of authority to make withdrawals from the committee's account should be addressed to the committee's bank or legal counsel Penalty provisions of the Act, including late filing fees, are not applicable to an Act or omission occurring before December 1, A food service corporation may not donate dinners to a Candidate Committee's fundraiser.

A corporate employer may not compensate a volunteer working on a candidate's campaign Payments of a candidate's personal living expenses during the campaign are legitimate campaign expenditures if it can be shown that the expenditures further the candidate's nomination or election A contribution to a corporate PAC may not be "earmarked" for a particular candidate A committee may not establish its own schedule for filing Campaign Statements, but must file statements consistent with the schedule set forth in the Act.

Annual Campaign Statements are due in June, regardless of the fact that committees may keep their records on a calendar year basis. Use of Petty Cash fund. Ice scrapers are exempt from the identification requirements A waiver of service charge fees by a bank is not a contribution if it is available to the general public A corporation may not contribute corporate funds to defray the expenses of conducting a recount A Campaign Statement will never duplicate information found on another Campaign Statement; a Post-Election Campaign Statement will not necessarily follow a Pre-Election Campaign Statement for the same election if there is an intervening Campaign Statement due Late filing fee assessments include weekends and holidays unless otherwise specified in the Act.

A candidate may not retain a committee's assets for personal use after the election A minor party candidate who has not received contributions or made expenditures is not a candidate for reporting purposes if his or her party does not qualify for the ballot An individual, other than a candidate, can never be a committee.

Nominating and ballot question petitions must have the full identification. Advertisements sold for the back of petitions must have identification. However, failure to have the identification does not invalidate the petitions. Independent expenditures by committees need only be reported on Campaign Statements. These independent expenditures by Political and Independent Committees filed with the Secretary of State must be reported on a Special Election Independent Expenditure Report within 48 hours after they are made.

A candidate is required to form a committee regardless of how much money he or she spends or receives A committee's name may be changed by filing an amended Statement of Organization. The new name must be used on political advertising from the effective date of the change. It is suggested that printed materials with the old name be rubber stamped with the new name A candidate may not transfer funds from a Congressional Candidate Committee to his State Senate Committee because the contribution limits for the congressional office are greater than the limitation for the state office The first Annual Campaign Statement was due in June, A reporting waiver may not be gained retroactively for the purpose of avoiding filing a prior Campaign Statement A debt incurred in one year may be paid in subsequent years.

Interest incurred on a campaign debt is a legitimate campaign expenditure. The Department strongly encourages a statement of the purpose of a fund raising effort. Excess funds raised at a fund raiser may be used for another legitimate campaign purpose of the committee. A candidate may use funds from one committee to repay the debts of another committee if the requirements of section 45 are met Public Act , effective May 31, The Department requires that all written instruments contain the signature of the contributor, regardless of whether the contributors are from a joint or an individual account.

The signature serves as evidence of an individual's intent to contribute to the particular committee. The Department will not accept the signature of one individual as reflecting the intent of another individual to make a contribution; notwithstanding the fact the two individuals are joint holders of an account and married. A separate document may be submitted, signed by both contributors, showing their intent.

A corporate PAC may use payroll deductions for receiving contributions Radio and television advertising need not have the full disclaimer or identification, but only the name of the person paying for it, and a one-line disclaimer, if applicable A Gubernatorial Candidate Committee may receive Primary Election public funds through December 31 following the election, to the extent that it has qualified outstanding Primary Election debts A Gubernatorial Candidate Committee may use General Election public funds to purchase assets from the Primary Election campaign, with the funds going into the account from which each asset was originally purchased Contribution limits for political party committees To answer the question differently, the Department would need additional information A joint fundraising event for candidates is permissible under the MCFA if certain guidelines are adhered to by all committees involved.

Recording and reporting activity must meet all of the requirements of the MCFA. Section 44 prohibits a candidate committee from making a contribution to another candidate committee; therefore no candidate committee can bear a disproportionate share of the expenses.

A legal defense fund is not a committee unless its funds are used to influence an election A Candidate Committee need not identify on the Statement of Organization the office sought by the candidate if it is not known at the time that the original Statement of Organization is filed, but must amend the Statement of Organization when the office sought is decided upon.

A committee which is clearly functioning as a Candidate Committee cannot register as a Political Committee even though the office sought is not known A Candidate Committee's unexpended funds may not be treated as personal income of the candidate upon dissolution of the committee Interest earned on public funds is not a contribution and must be reported as interest.

Any interest earned on public funds must be returned to the state and may not be spent by the Candidate Committee Disposal of unexpended funds of candidate committee Petty cash funds may not be used for the payment of wages. The Bureau of Elections is the only filing official within the Department of State Fund raising expenditure limitation for gubernatorial candidate receiving public funds Solicitation of a contribution to a candidate by a third party does not constitute a violation if the contribution is made directly to the candidate.

Penalties, other than late filing fees, which were incurred between December 1, and May 16, were not affected by the amnesty amendment to the Act Primary, General, and other elections are separate elections for purposes of the reporting waiver.

The reporting waiver for all other committees is on a calendar year basis. For purposes of the reporting waiver, a single election includes School Elections held in two separate districts on the same date [The reporting waiver for Political and Independent Committees is on a calendar year basis, changed by P. A loan made to an elected official does not constitute a contribution if it was not made for the purpose of influencing an election, or if it was exempted under Section A group that makes expenditures in support of action by the State Boundary Commission or in the State Legislature, and that action subsequently becomes the subject of a ballot proposal, becomes a committee when the action becomes a ballot proposal.

A "separate segregated fund" SSF established by a corporation pursuant to Section 55 of the Campaign Finance Act is a committee that is required to comply with the registration and reporting requirements of the Act. A corporation may only establish one SFF The following items are exempt from the requirements of Section Frisbees and cloth pot holders. Section of P. Section Repealed on June 1, An auxiliary account established for purposes of receiving credit card contributions is a legitimate secondary depository The only persons who may be solicited for contributions to the separate segregated fund are stockholders, officers and directors and eligible employees of the corporation that established the fund Small newspaper advertisements for a candidate one column of newsprint wide x three lines of type , commonly run on the front page of a newspaper at the bottom of a column, are exempt from the normal identification requirements of the Act.

However, the ad must contain an abbreviated identification as follows: To function as an Independent Committee a group must meet all 3 requirements of Section 8 of the Act. Until the 3 requirements are met, the group would function as a Political Committee with respect to contribution limits Throwaway poll cards must bear the proper identification as required by the Act.

If the cards were printed without the identifier, the necessary information may be placed on either side of the card with a stamp. Proceeds from the sale of equipment purchased with public funds must be returned to the public funds account. Retention of the equipment or proceeds from the sale of the equipment would violate the provisions of the Act. Campaign Statements are required in certain specific filing situations in Candidates may support other candidates with personal funds.

A person who makes expenditures for responding to an unfavorable editorial is not necessarily a candidate A donation by a corporation for a non-partisan activity does not constitute an illegal contribution, so long as the donor does not in any way influence the planning of the activity The receipt of funds and the payment of debts with respect to an election which occurred prior to the effective date of the Act does not make a person a candidate A corporation is prohibited from establishing a political committee for the support of state candidates but may make expenditures for the establishment, administration and solicitation of contributions for a separate segregated fund SSF.

Contributions to a SSF may be in the form of a voluntary payroll deduction plan. Contributions may only be made by persons identified in section 55 of the Campaign Finance Act. Michigan law does not specifically prohibit a corporation from establishing a political committee to support federal candidates; a prohibition does exist by virtue of federal law Use of OEF funds to purchase tickets and make transfers.

Payment of a scholarship by a Candidate Committee may be an expenditure Use of Districts office paid for with OEF funds.

Use of OEF funds to purchase tickets. The fact that proceeds from the sale of chances for prizes at a political fund-raising event must be reported does not have the effect of making it legal for political candidates to conduct a lottery A loan to a committee, other than a loan "in the ordinary course of business", is a contribution An interested person whose course of action would be directly affected must request a Declaratory Ruling Penalty provisions did not take effect until December 1, , and are dated from that date A national bank may form a PAC A written instrument, for purposes of being a "qualifying contribution" may be a document containing the names of the payer and the payee, the date, the amount, the purpose of the contribution, and the signature of the contributor A non-partisan candidate does not have to file Primary Election Campaign Statements if he is not on the ballot An identification or disclaimer must: An identification must contain the words "Paid for By" and the full name and address of the committee.

A disclaimer must contain the words "Not authorized by the Candidate Committee for [Candidate's Name]. Printed envelopes are exempted from the identification or disclaimer requirements A candidate may not make an independent expenditure on his or her own behalf.

A candidate's expenditure for postage would be an expenditure of his committee. A candidate's personal funds do not have to be transferred to his committee's account in order to make expenditures. A bank account does not have to be opened until a contribution is received or an expenditure is made. Committee funds may be transferred to an interest bearing account without being an expenditure, but any interest earned must be reported Although pursuant to its charter a city may enact an ordinance establishing campaign reporting requirements for candidates for a city office, the state campaign finance act provides that such an ordinance may not establish more restrictive reporting requirements than the provisions contained in the Act.

A city may not enact an ordinance which establishes campaign expenditure limitations for candidate for a city office A committee's depository must be reflected on the Statement of Organization even if no account is opened City charter commission members are candidates, even though the office is temporary Public officials not normally elected in Primary, General, Special, or Millage Elections are not candidates An elected officeholder's Candidate Committee may pay the printing costs of tickets for a non-profit group that is holding a festival to fund local service projects A filing official must mail Notices of Error or Omission by registered or certified mail, but need not mail Notices of Failure to File by registered or certified mail.

Filings may be mailed by certified mail as well as by registered mail in order to be considered timely if mailed at least two days prior to the due date. Contributions made to a candidate's committee in accordance with P. Browsers that can not handle javascript will not be able to access some features of this site.

Some functions of this site are disabled for browsers blocking jQuery. Accordingly, the University qualifies as a tax exempt charitable organization for purposes of MCL It is understood that because the Act requires a candidate to maintain a candidate committee until he or she "is constitutionally or legally barred from seeking reelection or fails to file for reelection to that office by the applicable filing deadline," your client is not currently in the process of dissolving her candidate committee.

This is significant because a different law governs the disposition of any remaining candidate committee funds at termination. Under section 45 2 b , MCL Once the process of winding down commences, disbursements from your client's candidate committee will be subject to this restriction Since the estate tax, in existence for nearly a hundred years, has been the subject of a running argument for some time, what was the hurry to pass this bill when so much else, including a large-scale revision of the tax code, is on the agenda?

The bill also contained a provision that explicitly exempted large donors from having to pay gift taxes on their donations to political groups—a measure some billionaires had urged on Congress in order to protect themselves since the IRS had hinted that it might consider political donations subject to the gift tax.

After the Republicans took over both chambers this year, it did. Only three House Republicans voted against the bill, and all but seven Democrats voted against it. A frequently heard rationale for the money frenzy is that the other side also has a lot of money, or might get it. The perennial problem is that incumbents who have succeeded within the system as it is are reluctant to change it—and this reluctance has been largely bipartisan.

The first adoption of real campaign finance controls was approved on a broad bipartisan basis in , after the Watergate revelations, in which a suitcase stuffed with cash was a symbol.

Now they are simply more expensive. The McCain—Feingold law regulating the financing of political campaigns was adopted in in reaction to the scandals in the s when both parties, but particularly the Democrats because they controlled the presidency, were caught accepting illegal foreign contributions. Bush in , was determined to pass new legislation. Russ Feingold was the only Democrat McCain could find to cosponsor his bill.

After the George W. Bush White House tried to torpedo it and failed, Bush signed it when McCain was out of town on a congressional recess. The combination of political self-protection and the Supreme Court has rendered real reform by Congress seemingly hopeless for the time being. Some elected officials have been willing to call for disclosure of the big donations that the IRS rules now allow to be hidden in dark money accounts. The theory is that at least some of the donors or recipients of big amounts of money could be embarrassed into giving up such donations.

But as with voting rights and even foreign policy, campaign finance reform is more partisan than ever before. Now that the Republicans have shown themselves more able than Democrats to raise outside money, they have no interest in disclosure of contributions to such funds. In , following the Citizens United decision, the Democratic-controlled House passed a bill requiring dark money accounts that contribute to federal campaigns to disclose their donors, but in the Senate this bill fell short by one vote of surviving a threatened filibuster.

Fifty-nine Democrats voted for it but not one Republican supported it. Difficult as it is to change the campaign finance system since incumbents benefit from the status quo, a number of proposals have been floated. A prominent specialist in copyright law, Lessig took on the problem of money in politics just a few years ago and has since pushed various proposals.

At first he called for a Constitutional Convention, which would be a disaster since it could lead to all sorts of other proposals. When this idea came under attack from, among others, law professors, Lessig retreated and encouraged people in the Occupy Wall Street movement to think they could overcome Citizens United through political pressure to amend the First Amendment. He selected eight candidates to back in the midterms, on the grounds that they would support campaign finance reform.

All but two of his selections lost, and the candidates who won had been expected to anyway. Now Lessig has a new proposal for In addition his followers would campaign in the primaries on the side of the candidate most interested in such reforms. Second, his funds will always be overwhelmed by the corporations that are raising money for their own political interests. There are no shortcuts. The Brennan Center for Justice has a promising idea: This would cover a large number of businesses, which would likely pressure other businesses to follow suit.

Valeo , the first decision following the passage of the campaign finance act, the Court held flatly that money equals speech. The campaign finance system worked best in the years following passage of the act. The indefatigable Fred Wertheimer, the head of Democracy 21, which consists mainly of himself, has proposed shutting down outside groups formed to back a particular candidate.

He would block communication between a supposedly independent group and a political campaign. The three major defects of our election system—in voter registration, redistricting, and campaign finance—have all become worse in recent years.

Because of what has become known about the large sums of money being invested in the candidates by the super-wealthy at an early stage of the campaigns, the fact that something has gone wrong has begun to take hold. Email Email to share with Send Send a copy to myself. Letters Should We Convene?

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