Gambling Casinos Time Military Bases In Louisiana

Bossier City is separated from Shreveport by the Red River. The population of Shreveport wasin[5] and the Shreveport-Bossier City Metropolitan Area population exceedsShreveport was founded in by the Shreve Town Company, a corporation established to develop a town at the juncture of the newly navigable Red River and the Texas Trail, an overland route into the newly independent Republic of Texas and, prior to that time, into Mexico.

Shreveport is the commercial and cultural center of the Ark-La-Tex region, where ArkansasLouisiana, and Texas meet.

Shreveport was established to launch a town at the meeting point of the Red River and the Texas Trail. Shreve used a specially modified riverboatthe Heliopolisto remove the log jam. The company and the village of Shreve Town were named in Shreve's honor.

Shreve Town was originally contained within the boundaries of a section of land sold to the company in by the indigenous Caddo Indians. On March 20,the town was incorporated as Shreveport. Originally, the town consisted of 64 city blocks, created by eight streets running west from the Red River and eight streets running south from Cross Bayou, one of its tributaries.

Shreveport soon became a center of steamboat commerce, carrying mostly cotton and agricultural crops from the plantations of Caddo Parish.

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Shreveport also had a slave market, though slave trading was not as widespread as in other parts of the state. Steamboats plied the Red River, and stevedores loaded and unloaded cargo. ByShreveport had a population of 2, free people and 1, slaves within the city limits.

During the American Civil WarShreveport was the capital of Louisiana from tohaving succeeded Baton Rouge How To Win Money At Blackjack Casino Opelousas after each fell under Union control. The city was a Confederate stronghold throughout the war and was the site of the headquarters of the Trans-Mississippi Department of the Confederate Army.

Fort Albert Sidney Johnston was built on a ridge northwest of the city. Because of limited development in that area, the site is relatively undisturbed.

Isolated from events in the east, the Civil War continued in the Trans-Mississippi theater for several weeks after Robert E. Lee 's surrender in Apriland the Trans-Mississippi was the last Confederate command to surrender, on May 26, Confederate President Jefferson Davis tried to flee to Shreveport, intending to go down the Mississippi, when he left Richmond but was captured en route in Irwinville, Georgia.

Throughout the war, women in Shreveport did much to assist the soldiers fighting mostly far to the east. Winters writes of them in The Civil War in Louisiana:. After the excitement of Fort Sumterthere was a great rush to get the volunteer companies ready and off to New Orleans Forming a Military Aid Society, the ladies of Shreveport requested donations of wool and cotton yarn for knitting socks.

Joined by others, the Society collected blankets for the wounded and gave concerts and tableaux to raise funds. Tickets were sold for a diamond ring given by the mercantile house of Hyams and Brothers A Confederate minstrel show gave two performances to raise money for the war effort in Shreveport in December That same month students at the Mansfield Female College in Mansfield in De Soto Parish presented a vocal and instrumental concert to support the war.

The Red River, which had been opened by Shreve in the s, remained navigable throughout the Civil War. Water levels got so low at one point that Union Admiral David Gambling Casinos Time Military Bases In Louisiana Porter was trapped with his gunboats north of Alexandria.

His engineers quickly constructed a temporary dam to raise the water level and free his fleet. Byneglect and lack of use due to diversion of freight traffic to railroad lines resulted in the Red River becoming unnavigable.

Inthe United States Army Corps of Engineers restored navigability by completion of a series of lock-and-dam structures and a navigation channel. Today, Shreveport-Bossier City is being re-developed as a port and shipping center.

InJustin Vincent Gras —a native of France, opened the largest grocery and liquor store in Shreveport. Gras turned to real estate and by the s was the largest landholder in Caddo Parish. He is interred at St. Joseph Cemetery in Shreveport.

By the s, Huddie William Ledbetter —also known as "Lead Belly", a blues singer and guitarist who eventually achieved worldwide fame—was performing for Shreveport audiences in St. Paul's Bottoms, the notorious red-light district of Shreveport which operated legally from to Ledbetter began to develop his own style of music after exposure to a variety of musical influences on Shreveport's Fannin Street, a row of saloons, brothelsand dance halls in the Bottoms.

Shreveport was home to the Gambling Casinos Time Military Bases In Louisiana Hayride radio program, broadcast weekly from the Shreveport Municipal Auditorium. During its heyday from tothis program stimulated the careers of some of the greatest figures in American music.

The Hayride featured musicians such as Hank Williams and Elvis Presleywho made his broadcasting debut at this venue. Inheadlines across the country reported that musician Sam Cooke was arrested after his band tried to register at a "whites-only" Holiday Inn in Shreveport.

Public facilities in Louisiana were still segregated, an example of the kinds of injustices that the Civil Rights Movement was working to change. In the mids, the coming of riverboat gambling to Shreveport attracted numerous new patrons to the downtown and spurred a revitalization of the adjacent downtown and riverfront areas. Many downtown streets were given a facelift through the "Streetscape" project, where brick sidewalks and crosswalks were built, and statues, sculptures, and mosaics were added.

Allen Bridge, commonly known as the Texas Street bridge, was lit with neon lights that were met with a variety of opinions among residents. Shreveport was named an All-American City in, and Shreveport sits on a low elevation overlooking the Red River.

Pine forests, cotton fields, wetlands, and waterways mark the outskirts of the city. According to the United States Census Bureauthe city has a total area of Rainfall is abundant, with the normal annual precipitation averaging over 51 inches 1.

Severe thunderstorms with heavy rain, haildamaging winds and tornadoes occur in the area during the spring and summer months. Shreveport is also home to a branch of the National Weather Service which provides forecasts and warnings for the greater Ark-La-Tex Region. Shreveport encompasses many different neighborhoods and districts.

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Below is a list of areas in the Greater Shreveport area of Caddo Parish:. In the Highland section, along Fairfield Avenue, more than a half dozen homes have been designated as historic. These include residences once occupied by Lieutenant Governor Thomas Charles Barret, who served early in the 20th century; a Broadway director, Joshua Logan ; a former governor, Ruffin Pleasantand wife; a physician and developer, George W.

Slattery, whose home is one of five remaining structures in Shreveport designed by the noted architect N. Steere School, expanded inis named for developer Albert Coldwell Steere, the founder of the Broadmoor neighborhood; the institution was added in to the National Register of Historic Places.

It was designed by Edward F. Robinson Place in Shreveport, former home of physician and developer George W. As of the census the population of Shreveport wasThe racial and ethnic composition of the population was There were 91, households, out of which The average household size was 2. Population ages ranked as follows: The median age was 34 years.

The city ranks third in the nation of cities overpopulation with significant gender disparity: Founded in and incorporated inShreveport is the parish seat of Caddo Parish. It is part of the First Judicial District, housing the parish courthouse.

It also houses the Louisiana Second Circuit Court of Appeal, which consists of nine elected judges representing twenty parishes in northwest Louisiana. A portion of east Shreveport extends into Bossier Parish due to the changing course of the Red River. The city of Shreveport has a mayor-council government. The elected municipal officials include the mayorOllie Tylerand seven members of the city council.

Cedric Glover, now a member of the Louisiana House of Representativeswas the first African American to hold the mayoral position. Under the mayor-council government, the mayor serves as the executive officer of the city.

As the city's chief administrator and official representative, the mayor is responsible for the general management of the city and for seeing that all laws and ordinances are enforced. Shreveport was once a major player in United States oil business, and at one time could boast Standard Oil of Louisiana as a locally based company. Beginning inthe nation's busiest pipeline operator and massive integrated oil company, United Gas Corporationwas headquartered in Shreveport, until its hostile takeover by Pennzoil inand the subsequent forced merger.

In the s, the oil and gas industry suffered a large economic downturn, and many companies cut back jobs or went out of business, including a large retail shopping mall, South Park Mall, which closed in the late s and is now Summer Grove Baptist Church. Shreveport suffered severely from this recession, and many residents left the area. Shreveport has largely transitioned to Las Vegas Parx Casino Slot Machine Winners service economy.

In particular, the area has seen a rapid growth in the gaming industry, hosting various riverboat gambling casinosand, before Hurricane Katrina inwas second only to New Orleans in Louisiana tourism. Nearby Bossier City is home to one of the three horse racetracks in the state, Harrah's Louisiana Downs. The Shreveport-Bossier Convention and Tourist Bureau is the official tourism information agency for the region.

The bureau maintains a comprehensive database of restaurants, accommodations, attractions, and events. It includes an space parking garage. An adjoining Hilton Hotel opened in June The city's direct construction and ownership of the Hilton Hotel has been a controversial issue as to the proper use of public funds. Shreveport is a major medical center of the region and state. As of Novemberexcitement has Gambling Casinos Time Military Bases In Louisiana around the Haynesville Shalewith many new jobs in the natural gas industry expected to be created over the next few years.

However, the recent economic downturn has resulted in a lower market price for natural gas and slower-than-expected drilling activity. The city itself stands to profit by leasing the mineral rights on public lands in the near future as neighboring municipalities have already done. Vincentbut the long-term fate of the business is in doubt. An outdoor fountain included in the remodeling project, is crumbling and without water, and plants surrounding the structure have died.

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  1. S. C. Gwynne, “How Casinos Hook You: The Gambling Industry Is Creating High-Tech Databases to Reel in Compulsive Players,” Time, November 17, , 68, Herbert H. Bateman, February 10, (citing speci‹c negative impacts of recently opened riverboat casino on Barksdale Air Force Base, Louisiana).:
    But gaming is not just about casinos here. With four horse-racing tracks in the state, the ponies get their fair share of attention, too. Whether you're splitting sevens in Shreveport/Bossier, rolling dice between tee times in Lake Charles, cheering on your horse in Opelousas or testing your luck in downtown. But years ago, Aaron Walsh started playing slot machines on military bases. U.S. military has thousands of slot machines on overseas bases fiscal year, takes money from the pockets of its troops and runs slot machines that generate revenues that equal a medium-sized Las Vegas casino operation. This is a list of casinos in Louisiana. Contents. [hide]. 1 List of casinos; 2 Gallery; 3 See also; 4 References; 5 External links. List of casinos[edit]. See also: Category:Casinos in Louisiana. List of casinos in the U.S. state of Louisiana. Casino, City, Parish, State, District, type, Comments. Amelia Belle · Amelia · St. Mary.
  2. In particular, the area has seen a rapid growth in the gaming industry, hosting various riverboat gambling casinos, and, before Hurricane Katrina in , was second only to New Orleans in Louisiana tourism. Nearby Bossier City is home to one of the three horse racetracks in the state, Harrah's Louisiana Downs. Casinos.:
    Located on the banks of the Red River in downtown Shreveport, LA is Sam's Town Hotel & Casino. Reserve your suite to enjoy a first-class gaming experience. In Australia and on some foreign U.S. military bases, slot machines are very popular and generate significant revenues. Recognizing the importance of other forms of gambling will enable the reader to appreciate that casino gambling is just one form of a multitude of legal gambling activities. Casino gambling, in terms of. Towering over the scenic Back Bay of Biloxi, MS is IP Resort Casino Spa. Book your room to enjoy a luxurious stay & an unforgettable gaming experience.
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It includes an space parking garage. An adjoining Hilton Hotel opened in June The city's direct construction and ownership of the Hilton Hotel has been a controversial issue as to the proper use of public funds.

Shreveport is a major medical center of the region and state. As of November , excitement has centered around the Haynesville Shale , with many new jobs in the natural gas industry expected to be created over the next few years.

However, the recent economic downturn has resulted in a lower market price for natural gas and slower-than-expected drilling activity. The city itself stands to profit by leasing the mineral rights on public lands in the near future as neighboring municipalities have already done. Vincent , but the long-term fate of the business is in doubt. An outdoor fountain included in the remodeling project, is crumbling and without water, and plants surrounding the structure have died.

Vincent operations; Sears is reportedly in jeopardy too. Online shopping and changing consumer habits pose a serious threat to shopping malls; as many as one in four could close within the next five years.

According to the City's Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, [29] the top employers in the metropolitan area are:. Tax incentives offered by the state government have given Louisiana the third largest film industry in the country, behind California and New York. Louisiana is sometimes called "Hollywood South". Facilities include sound stages , prop rental facilities, the Fairgrounds Complex, and the Louisiana Wave Studio, a computer-controlled outdoor wave pool.

Several television series have been shot in Shreveport and the surrounding area, including The Gates , and Salem The Louisiana Film Prize has spurred the creation of over short films shot in Shreveport and northwest Louisiana by filmmakers from around the world since its inception in Caddo Public Schools is a school district based in Shreveport.

The district serves all of Caddo Parish. Its founding superintendent was Clifton Ellis Byrd , a Virginia native, who assumed the chief administrative position in and continued until his death in Shreveport has several colleges, including the Methodist -affiliated Centenary College founded at Jackson, Louisiana , in ; relocated to Shreveport in and Louisiana State University in Shreveport , which opened as a two-year institution in It became four-year in Shreveport also has one of the largest nursing schools in northern Louisiana, the Northwestern State University College of Nursing.

Since July , Shreveport is home to a local Remington College campus. This location offers both diploma and degree programs, and is active in the Shreveport community. Virginia College opened in Shreveport has churches of many denominations and sizes. The current sanctuary dates to The church is pastored by Pat Day.

Among its former pastors were D. The fiberglass steeple of the church fell onto a passing car during a severe thunderstorm in It has since been replaced. A second Methodist congregation is named for J. The church was begun as a mission in Methodist layman James Noel and his wife, Fannie, provided financially for the church in its early years.

The congregation decided to name the church for the Noel's late son. Like First United Methodist, it opened in the current sanctuary in and grew rapidly. A fire gutted the building in , and only a portion of the loss was covered by insurance. The members expanded their ranks and rebuilt at the Herndon location. The current Noel Memorial pastor is Flint Shea. The large Holy Trinity Catholic Church located downtown was founded in Five priests died of yellow fever in The current sanctuary in Romanesque revival style architecture dates to Dodd , an early radio minister and founder of the former Dodd College for Girls.

Former Governor Jimmie Davis , a Shreveport city commissioner too, taught history for a year under Dodd's tutelage. The last was previously pastored by Wayne L.

DuBose, now a Baptist denominational officer. Westview Christian Church is an independent Christian church that serves the area as well with members from diverse denominational backgrounds. Shreveport is home to Shreveport Community Church, an inter-denominational church belonging to the Assemblies of God.

Particularly striking in size and architecture is St. Mark's dates its establishment to the first religious service held in Shreveport in The Jewish community dates to the organization of Congregation Har El in , which later became B'nai Zion Temple, today the city's Reform congregation and largest synagogue.

Agudath Achim, founded in as an Orthodox congregation, is today a traditional Jewish synagogue. Kawaler, the current rabbi, is focused on rebuilding the congregation, which dwindled in size during the second half of the twentieth century.

Shreveport, historically, has had a large and civic-minded Jewish community and has elected three Jewish mayors. Dating back to , the state fairgrounds and later Independence Stadium , formerly State Fair Stadium has traditionally hosted a college football game or two during the State Fair of Louisiana, an event currently dubbed the Red River State Fair Classic.

Since , Independence Stadium has served as host of college football's annual Independence Bowl. Shreveport was also home to a few now defunct football teams. The Houston franchise of the professional World Football League relocated to Shreveport rebranded as the Shreveport Steamer midway through the season, but the franchise along with the WFL folded midway through the season. Another franchise named the Shreveport Steamers played as a member of the American Football Association from until folding in Shreveport's Independence Stadium was also home to the Shreveport Pirates , an unsuccessful professional Canadian Football League franchise that opened play in but folded after the season.

Baseball in Shreveport has an extensive past. The city had affiliated Minor League Baseball teams from to The most memorable team was the Shreveport Captains of the Texas League. Baseball teams in Shreveport have gone through eight different name changes and seven different leagues all since Shreveport's most recent independent baseball team, the Shreveport-Bossier Captains , ceased operations in and moved to Laredo, Texas.

Shreveport is home to a few amateur sports clubs. Attempts to revive it in the s were unsuccessful, and the last Carnival celebrations in Shreveport for decades were held in Mardi Gras in Shreveport was revived beginning in with the organization of the Krewe of Apollo.

The first krewe [ clarification needed ] revive parading was Gemini in Today, Mardi Gras is again an important part of the cultural life of the Shreveport metropolitan area. Shreveport is served by a variety of print publications. Its headquarters are located in downtown Shreveport near Interstate A second major paper, the afternoon Shreveport Journal , ceased publication in Bossier City is served by the daily Bossier Press-Tribune.

Shreveport and Bossier City are served by two major cable television systems: Shreveport is served by Comcast and Bossier City is served by Suddenlink. The internet radio station is completely web-based and is not affiliated with any terrestrial radio station in the area.

Barksdale Air Force Base is located in Bossier Parish across the river from Shreveport, which donated the land for its construction in the s. Named for pioneer army aviator Lt. The primary aircraft housed here is the Boeing B Stratofortress. In earlier years, the base was the home to other famous aircraft, including the B Stratojet. Shreveport is home to the two th Cavalry Squadron, the reconnaissance element of the th Infantry Brigade. Three of the squadron's four cavalry troops are located at East Stoner Avenue in a historic armory known as "Fort Humbug".

This was named due to the Confederate Army burning logs to look like cannons and placing them along the Red River. This caused Union ironclad ships sailing north on the Red River to be tricked into turning back south. Shreveport's past reflects the need for mass transit and public roads. As far back as the s, residents used mule - drawn street cars that were converted to electric-motorized cars by Commuter rail systems in Shreveport flourished for many decades, and rail car lines extended out to rural areas.

In trolleys and rail cars began to be replaced by buses, although motor buses did not finally replace all trolley service until the s. In the s, the Interstate Highway System came to the area with the construction of Interstate The local public transportation provider, SporTran , provides moderately extensive bus service throughout Shreveport and Bossier City.

Sportran operates seven days a week on seventeen bus routes five night routes from 6: The highway system has a cross-hair and loop freeway structure similar to that of Texas cities like Houston and Dallas. Interstate 49 now extends north to Interstate 30 in Arkansas. Shreveport is served by two airports. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. History of Shreveport and Timeline of Shreveport, Louisiana.

Caddo Public Schools Louisiana. Media in Shreveport, Louisiana. List of people from Shreveport, Louisiana. United States Census Bureau. Retrieved Jul 2, Retrieved June 9, National Association of Counties.

Archived from the original on May 31, Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved December 3, Archived from the original on June 27, Greater Shreveport Chamber of Commerce.

Archived from the original on February 19, City of Shreveport, Louisiana. Archived from the original on June 8, Retrieved June 15, The New York Times. Archived from the original on July 7, Archived from the original on March 13, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved February 12, Archived from the original on May 12, Supreme Court rules in favor of New Jersey in Christie v. Only Nevada can take a wager on a single game.

Delaware, Oregon and Montana can do bets on the outcomes of multiple games. The five major athletic associations and leagues filed a lawsuit to stop them. The high court hears arguments on Dec. In the meantime, the trade group is working up some model legislations to help states open bookmaking operations, should the high court decide in favor of New Jersey.

A favorable ruling would effectively overturn the Professional and Amateur Sports Protection Act, Slane said in an interview. Mike Whitemaine, senior vice president of Eldorado Resorts Inc. In Nevada, those players show up at the casino to watch the games, buy a meal and a few drinks, and maybe gamble a bit.

Some states may support the expansion of sports betting, while others oppose it. About the only law that has been changed in 25 years is the one requiring the riverboats to actually sail.

Johns, shaking his head, recalled that the Golden Nugget, the last casino to open in Louisiana using the last available license, basically dredged a slew from Bayou Contraband in Lake Charles, built a barge structure to put the gaming floor with 75 table games and 1, slot machines over water, then put up a resort around it with 1, hotel rooms in a story tower and an hole golf course. But the casino has to have a paddle wheel, a pilothouse and a crew. Tilman Fertitta, president and chief executive officer of Fertitta Entertainment Inc.

Today, with 40 states allowing gambling, Louisiana is one of the last few clinging to the old riverboat model. For riverboat casinos that actually sailed at one point, a whole new set of problems have emerged. Marty Brown, general manager of the Belle of Baton Rouge, testified that the casino hires divers to check and maintain the hulls. When the river rises, Brown has to deploy workers to remove trees and other flotsam that jams the boat.

In order to attract new, younger customers, casinos have to offer more games, like sports betting.

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After a quarter century, casino operators have a long list, like expanded internet gambling, but what they really want is to get off the riverboats and onto dry land on gambling floors larger than 30, square feet.

And just as Mississippi has, Louisiana casino operators would like to start the ball rolling on sports betting if the U. Supreme Court rules in favor of New Jersey in Christie v.

Only Nevada can take a wager on a single game. Delaware, Oregon and Montana can do bets on the outcomes of multiple games. The five major athletic associations and leagues filed a lawsuit to stop them. The high court hears arguments on Dec. In the meantime, the trade group is working up some model legislations to help states open bookmaking operations, should the high court decide in favor of New Jersey. A favorable ruling would effectively overturn the Professional and Amateur Sports Protection Act, Slane said in an interview.

Mike Whitemaine, senior vice president of Eldorado Resorts Inc. In Nevada, those players show up at the casino to watch the games, buy a meal and a few drinks, and maybe gamble a bit. Some states may support the expansion of sports betting, while others oppose it. About the only law that has been changed in 25 years is the one requiring the riverboats to actually sail.

Johns, shaking his head, recalled that the Golden Nugget, the last casino to open in Louisiana using the last available license, basically dredged a slew from Bayou Contraband in Lake Charles, built a barge structure to put the gaming floor with 75 table games and 1, slot machines over water, then put up a resort around it with 1, hotel rooms in a story tower and an hole golf course.

But the casino has to have a paddle wheel, a pilothouse and a crew. Tilman Fertitta, president and chief executive officer of Fertitta Entertainment Inc. Today, with 40 states allowing gambling, Louisiana is one of the last few clinging to the old riverboat model. For riverboat casinos that actually sailed at one point, a whole new set of problems have emerged.

Marty Brown, general manager of the Belle of Baton Rouge, testified that the casino hires divers to check and maintain the hulls. Today, Shreveport-Bossier City is being re-developed as a port and shipping center. In , Justin Vincent Gras — , a native of France, opened the largest grocery and liquor store in Shreveport. Gras turned to real estate and by the s was the largest landholder in Caddo Parish.

He is interred at St. Joseph Cemetery in Shreveport. By the s, Huddie William Ledbetter —also known as "Lead Belly", a blues singer and guitarist who eventually achieved worldwide fame—was performing for Shreveport audiences in St. Paul's Bottoms, the notorious red-light district of Shreveport which operated legally from to Ledbetter began to develop his own style of music after exposure to a variety of musical influences on Shreveport's Fannin Street, a row of saloons, brothels , and dance halls in the Bottoms.

Shreveport was home to the Louisiana Hayride radio program, broadcast weekly from the Shreveport Municipal Auditorium. During its heyday from to , this program stimulated the careers of some of the greatest figures in American music. The Hayride featured musicians such as Hank Williams and Elvis Presley , who made his broadcasting debut at this venue. In , headlines across the country reported that musician Sam Cooke was arrested after his band tried to register at a "whites-only" Holiday Inn in Shreveport.

Public facilities in Louisiana were still segregated, an example of the kinds of injustices that the Civil Rights Movement was working to change. In the mids, the coming of riverboat gambling to Shreveport attracted numerous new patrons to the downtown and spurred a revitalization of the adjacent downtown and riverfront areas. Many downtown streets were given a facelift through the "Streetscape" project, where brick sidewalks and crosswalks were built, and statues, sculptures, and mosaics were added.

Allen Bridge, commonly known as the Texas Street bridge, was lit with neon lights that were met with a variety of opinions among residents. Shreveport was named an All-American City in , , and Shreveport sits on a low elevation overlooking the Red River. Pine forests, cotton fields, wetlands, and waterways mark the outskirts of the city.

According to the United States Census Bureau , the city has a total area of Rainfall is abundant, with the normal annual precipitation averaging over 51 inches 1. Severe thunderstorms with heavy rain, hail , damaging winds and tornadoes occur in the area during the spring and summer months. Shreveport is also home to a branch of the National Weather Service which provides forecasts and warnings for the greater Ark-La-Tex Region.

Shreveport encompasses many different neighborhoods and districts. Below is a list of areas in the Greater Shreveport area of Caddo Parish:. In the Highland section, along Fairfield Avenue, more than a half dozen homes have been designated as historic. These include residences once occupied by Lieutenant Governor Thomas Charles Barret, who served early in the 20th century; a Broadway director, Joshua Logan ; a former governor, Ruffin Pleasant , and wife; a physician and developer, George W.

Slattery, whose home is one of five remaining structures in Shreveport designed by the noted architect N. Steere School, expanded in , is named for developer Albert Coldwell Steere, the founder of the Broadmoor neighborhood; the institution was added in to the National Register of Historic Places.

It was designed by Edward F. Robinson Place in Shreveport, former home of physician and developer George W. As of the census the population of Shreveport was , The racial and ethnic composition of the population was There were 91, households, out of which The average household size was 2.

Population ages ranked as follows: The median age was 34 years. The city ranks third in the nation of cities over , population with significant gender disparity: Founded in and incorporated in , Shreveport is the parish seat of Caddo Parish.

It is part of the First Judicial District, housing the parish courthouse. It also houses the Louisiana Second Circuit Court of Appeal, which consists of nine elected judges representing twenty parishes in northwest Louisiana. A portion of east Shreveport extends into Bossier Parish due to the changing course of the Red River.

The city of Shreveport has a mayor-council government. The elected municipal officials include the mayor , Ollie Tyler , and seven members of the city council. Cedric Glover, now a member of the Louisiana House of Representatives , was the first African American to hold the mayoral position. Under the mayor-council government, the mayor serves as the executive officer of the city.

As the city's chief administrator and official representative, the mayor is responsible for the general management of the city and for seeing that all laws and ordinances are enforced. Shreveport was once a major player in United States oil business, and at one time could boast Standard Oil of Louisiana as a locally based company. Beginning in , the nation's busiest pipeline operator and massive integrated oil company, United Gas Corporation , was headquartered in Shreveport, until its hostile takeover by Pennzoil in , and the subsequent forced merger.

In the s, the oil and gas industry suffered a large economic downturn, and many companies cut back jobs or went out of business, including a large retail shopping mall, South Park Mall, which closed in the late s and is now Summer Grove Baptist Church.

Shreveport suffered severely from this recession, and many residents left the area. Shreveport has largely transitioned to a service economy. In particular, the area has seen a rapid growth in the gaming industry, hosting various riverboat gambling casinos , and, before Hurricane Katrina in , was second only to New Orleans in Louisiana tourism.

Nearby Bossier City is home to one of the three horse racetracks in the state, Harrah's Louisiana Downs. The Shreveport-Bossier Convention and Tourist Bureau is the official tourism information agency for the region.

The bureau maintains a comprehensive database of restaurants, accommodations, attractions, and events. It includes an space parking garage. An adjoining Hilton Hotel opened in June The city's direct construction and ownership of the Hilton Hotel has been a controversial issue as to the proper use of public funds.

Shreveport is a major medical center of the region and state. As of November , excitement has centered around the Haynesville Shale , with many new jobs in the natural gas industry expected to be created over the next few years.

However, the recent economic downturn has resulted in a lower market price for natural gas and slower-than-expected drilling activity. The city itself stands to profit by leasing the mineral rights on public lands in the near future as neighboring municipalities have already done.

Vincent , but the long-term fate of the business is in doubt. An outdoor fountain included in the remodeling project, is crumbling and without water, and plants surrounding the structure have died. Vincent operations; Sears is reportedly in jeopardy too. Online shopping and changing consumer habits pose a serious threat to shopping malls; as many as one in four could close within the next five years. According to the City's Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, [29] the top employers in the metropolitan area are:.

Tax incentives offered by the state government have given Louisiana the third largest film industry in the country, behind California and New York. Louisiana is sometimes called "Hollywood South". Facilities include sound stages , prop rental facilities, the Fairgrounds Complex, and the Louisiana Wave Studio, a computer-controlled outdoor wave pool. Several television series have been shot in Shreveport and the surrounding area, including The Gates , and Salem The Louisiana Film Prize has spurred the creation of over short films shot in Shreveport and northwest Louisiana by filmmakers from around the world since its inception in Caddo Public Schools is a school district based in Shreveport.

The district serves all of Caddo Parish. Its founding superintendent was Clifton Ellis Byrd , a Virginia native, who assumed the chief administrative position in and continued until his death in Shreveport has several colleges, including the Methodist -affiliated Centenary College founded at Jackson, Louisiana , in ; relocated to Shreveport in and Louisiana State University in Shreveport , which opened as a two-year institution in It became four-year in Shreveport also has one of the largest nursing schools in northern Louisiana, the Northwestern State University College of Nursing.

Since July , Shreveport is home to a local Remington College campus. This location offers both diploma and degree programs, and is active in the Shreveport community. Virginia College opened in Shreveport has churches of many denominations and sizes. The current sanctuary dates to The church is pastored by Pat Day. Among its former pastors were D.

The fiberglass steeple of the church fell onto a passing car during a severe thunderstorm in It has since been replaced. A second Methodist congregation is named for J.

The church was begun as a mission in Methodist layman James Noel and his wife, Fannie, provided financially for the church in its early years. The congregation decided to name the church for the Noel's late son.

Like First United Methodist, it opened in the current sanctuary in and grew rapidly. A fire gutted the building in , and only a portion of the loss was covered by insurance.

The members expanded their ranks and rebuilt at the Herndon location. The current Noel Memorial pastor is Flint Shea. The large Holy Trinity Catholic Church located downtown was founded in Five priests died of yellow fever in The current sanctuary in Romanesque revival style architecture dates to Dodd , an early radio minister and founder of the former Dodd College for Girls.

Former Governor Jimmie Davis , a Shreveport city commissioner too, taught history for a year under Dodd's tutelage.

The last was previously pastored by Wayne L. DuBose, now a Baptist denominational officer. Westview Christian Church is an independent Christian church that serves the area as well with members from diverse denominational backgrounds.

Shreveport is home to Shreveport Community Church, an inter-denominational church belonging to the Assemblies of God. Particularly striking in size and architecture is St.

Mark's dates its establishment to the first religious service held in Shreveport in The Jewish community dates to the organization of Congregation Har El in , which later became B'nai Zion Temple, today the city's Reform congregation and largest synagogue. Agudath Achim, founded in as an Orthodox congregation, is today a traditional Jewish synagogue. Kawaler, the current rabbi, is focused on rebuilding the congregation, which dwindled in size during the second half of the twentieth century.

Shreveport, historically, has had a large and civic-minded Jewish community and has elected three Jewish mayors. Dating back to , the state fairgrounds and later Independence Stadium , formerly State Fair Stadium has traditionally hosted a college football game or two during the State Fair of Louisiana, an event currently dubbed the Red River State Fair Classic.

Since , Independence Stadium has served as host of college football's annual Independence Bowl. Shreveport was also home to a few now defunct football teams. The Houston franchise of the professional World Football League relocated to Shreveport rebranded as the Shreveport Steamer midway through the season, but the franchise along with the WFL folded midway through the season. Another franchise named the Shreveport Steamers played as a member of the American Football Association from until folding in Shreveport's Independence Stadium was also home to the Shreveport Pirates , an unsuccessful professional Canadian Football League franchise that opened play in but folded after the season.

Baseball in Shreveport has an extensive past. The city had affiliated Minor League Baseball teams from to The most memorable team was the Shreveport Captains of the Texas League.

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It was designed by Edward F. Robinson Place in Shreveport, former home of physician and developer George W. As of the census the population of Shreveport was , The racial and ethnic composition of the population was There were 91, households, out of which The average household size was 2. Population ages ranked as follows: The median age was 34 years. The city ranks third in the nation of cities over , population with significant gender disparity: Founded in and incorporated in , Shreveport is the parish seat of Caddo Parish.

It is part of the First Judicial District, housing the parish courthouse. It also houses the Louisiana Second Circuit Court of Appeal, which consists of nine elected judges representing twenty parishes in northwest Louisiana. A portion of east Shreveport extends into Bossier Parish due to the changing course of the Red River. The city of Shreveport has a mayor-council government.

The elected municipal officials include the mayor , Ollie Tyler , and seven members of the city council. Cedric Glover, now a member of the Louisiana House of Representatives , was the first African American to hold the mayoral position. Under the mayor-council government, the mayor serves as the executive officer of the city. As the city's chief administrator and official representative, the mayor is responsible for the general management of the city and for seeing that all laws and ordinances are enforced.

Shreveport was once a major player in United States oil business, and at one time could boast Standard Oil of Louisiana as a locally based company. Beginning in , the nation's busiest pipeline operator and massive integrated oil company, United Gas Corporation , was headquartered in Shreveport, until its hostile takeover by Pennzoil in , and the subsequent forced merger. In the s, the oil and gas industry suffered a large economic downturn, and many companies cut back jobs or went out of business, including a large retail shopping mall, South Park Mall, which closed in the late s and is now Summer Grove Baptist Church.

Shreveport suffered severely from this recession, and many residents left the area. Shreveport has largely transitioned to a service economy. In particular, the area has seen a rapid growth in the gaming industry, hosting various riverboat gambling casinos , and, before Hurricane Katrina in , was second only to New Orleans in Louisiana tourism. Nearby Bossier City is home to one of the three horse racetracks in the state, Harrah's Louisiana Downs.

The Shreveport-Bossier Convention and Tourist Bureau is the official tourism information agency for the region. The bureau maintains a comprehensive database of restaurants, accommodations, attractions, and events.

It includes an space parking garage. An adjoining Hilton Hotel opened in June The city's direct construction and ownership of the Hilton Hotel has been a controversial issue as to the proper use of public funds. Shreveport is a major medical center of the region and state.

As of November , excitement has centered around the Haynesville Shale , with many new jobs in the natural gas industry expected to be created over the next few years. However, the recent economic downturn has resulted in a lower market price for natural gas and slower-than-expected drilling activity. The city itself stands to profit by leasing the mineral rights on public lands in the near future as neighboring municipalities have already done.

Vincent , but the long-term fate of the business is in doubt. An outdoor fountain included in the remodeling project, is crumbling and without water, and plants surrounding the structure have died. Vincent operations; Sears is reportedly in jeopardy too. Online shopping and changing consumer habits pose a serious threat to shopping malls; as many as one in four could close within the next five years.

According to the City's Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, [29] the top employers in the metropolitan area are:. Tax incentives offered by the state government have given Louisiana the third largest film industry in the country, behind California and New York. Louisiana is sometimes called "Hollywood South".

Facilities include sound stages , prop rental facilities, the Fairgrounds Complex, and the Louisiana Wave Studio, a computer-controlled outdoor wave pool.

Several television series have been shot in Shreveport and the surrounding area, including The Gates , and Salem The Louisiana Film Prize has spurred the creation of over short films shot in Shreveport and northwest Louisiana by filmmakers from around the world since its inception in Caddo Public Schools is a school district based in Shreveport.

The district serves all of Caddo Parish. Its founding superintendent was Clifton Ellis Byrd , a Virginia native, who assumed the chief administrative position in and continued until his death in Shreveport has several colleges, including the Methodist -affiliated Centenary College founded at Jackson, Louisiana , in ; relocated to Shreveport in and Louisiana State University in Shreveport , which opened as a two-year institution in It became four-year in Shreveport also has one of the largest nursing schools in northern Louisiana, the Northwestern State University College of Nursing.

Since July , Shreveport is home to a local Remington College campus. This location offers both diploma and degree programs, and is active in the Shreveport community. Virginia College opened in Shreveport has churches of many denominations and sizes.

The current sanctuary dates to The church is pastored by Pat Day. Among its former pastors were D. The fiberglass steeple of the church fell onto a passing car during a severe thunderstorm in It has since been replaced. A second Methodist congregation is named for J. The church was begun as a mission in Methodist layman James Noel and his wife, Fannie, provided financially for the church in its early years. The congregation decided to name the church for the Noel's late son.

Like First United Methodist, it opened in the current sanctuary in and grew rapidly. A fire gutted the building in , and only a portion of the loss was covered by insurance.

The members expanded their ranks and rebuilt at the Herndon location. The current Noel Memorial pastor is Flint Shea. The large Holy Trinity Catholic Church located downtown was founded in Five priests died of yellow fever in The current sanctuary in Romanesque revival style architecture dates to Dodd , an early radio minister and founder of the former Dodd College for Girls. Former Governor Jimmie Davis , a Shreveport city commissioner too, taught history for a year under Dodd's tutelage.

The last was previously pastored by Wayne L. DuBose, now a Baptist denominational officer. Westview Christian Church is an independent Christian church that serves the area as well with members from diverse denominational backgrounds. Shreveport is home to Shreveport Community Church, an inter-denominational church belonging to the Assemblies of God. Particularly striking in size and architecture is St.

Mark's dates its establishment to the first religious service held in Shreveport in The Jewish community dates to the organization of Congregation Har El in , which later became B'nai Zion Temple, today the city's Reform congregation and largest synagogue.

Agudath Achim, founded in as an Orthodox congregation, is today a traditional Jewish synagogue. Kawaler, the current rabbi, is focused on rebuilding the congregation, which dwindled in size during the second half of the twentieth century.

Shreveport, historically, has had a large and civic-minded Jewish community and has elected three Jewish mayors. Dating back to , the state fairgrounds and later Independence Stadium , formerly State Fair Stadium has traditionally hosted a college football game or two during the State Fair of Louisiana, an event currently dubbed the Red River State Fair Classic. Since , Independence Stadium has served as host of college football's annual Independence Bowl. Shreveport was also home to a few now defunct football teams.

The Houston franchise of the professional World Football League relocated to Shreveport rebranded as the Shreveport Steamer midway through the season, but the franchise along with the WFL folded midway through the season.

Another franchise named the Shreveport Steamers played as a member of the American Football Association from until folding in Shreveport's Independence Stadium was also home to the Shreveport Pirates , an unsuccessful professional Canadian Football League franchise that opened play in but folded after the season.

Baseball in Shreveport has an extensive past. The city had affiliated Minor League Baseball teams from to The most memorable team was the Shreveport Captains of the Texas League. Baseball teams in Shreveport have gone through eight different name changes and seven different leagues all since Shreveport's most recent independent baseball team, the Shreveport-Bossier Captains , ceased operations in and moved to Laredo, Texas. Shreveport is home to a few amateur sports clubs.

Attempts to revive it in the s were unsuccessful, and the last Carnival celebrations in Shreveport for decades were held in Mardi Gras in Shreveport was revived beginning in with the organization of the Krewe of Apollo. The first krewe [ clarification needed ] revive parading was Gemini in Today, Mardi Gras is again an important part of the cultural life of the Shreveport metropolitan area.

Shreveport is served by a variety of print publications. Its headquarters are located in downtown Shreveport near Interstate A second major paper, the afternoon Shreveport Journal , ceased publication in Bossier City is served by the daily Bossier Press-Tribune. Shreveport and Bossier City are served by two major cable television systems: Shreveport is served by Comcast and Bossier City is served by Suddenlink.

The internet radio station is completely web-based and is not affiliated with any terrestrial radio station in the area. Barksdale Air Force Base is located in Bossier Parish across the river from Shreveport, which donated the land for its construction in the s.

Named for pioneer army aviator Lt. The primary aircraft housed here is the Boeing B Stratofortress. In earlier years, the base was the home to other famous aircraft, including the B Stratojet. Shreveport is home to the two th Cavalry Squadron, the reconnaissance element of the th Infantry Brigade. Three of the squadron's four cavalry troops are located at East Stoner Avenue in a historic armory known as "Fort Humbug".

This was named due to the Confederate Army burning logs to look like cannons and placing them along the Red River. This caused Union ironclad ships sailing north on the Red River to be tricked into turning back south.

Shreveport's past reflects the need for mass transit and public roads. As far back as the s, residents used mule - drawn street cars that were converted to electric-motorized cars by Commuter rail systems in Shreveport flourished for many decades, and rail car lines extended out to rural areas.

In trolleys and rail cars began to be replaced by buses, although motor buses did not finally replace all trolley service until the s. In the s, the Interstate Highway System came to the area with the construction of Interstate The local public transportation provider, SporTran , provides moderately extensive bus service throughout Shreveport and Bossier City.

Sportran operates seven days a week on seventeen bus routes five night routes from 6: And just as Mississippi has, Louisiana casino operators would like to start the ball rolling on sports betting if the U.

Supreme Court rules in favor of New Jersey in Christie v. Only Nevada can take a wager on a single game. Delaware, Oregon and Montana can do bets on the outcomes of multiple games. The five major athletic associations and leagues filed a lawsuit to stop them. The high court hears arguments on Dec. In the meantime, the trade group is working up some model legislations to help states open bookmaking operations, should the high court decide in favor of New Jersey.

A favorable ruling would effectively overturn the Professional and Amateur Sports Protection Act, Slane said in an interview. Mike Whitemaine, senior vice president of Eldorado Resorts Inc. In Nevada, those players show up at the casino to watch the games, buy a meal and a few drinks, and maybe gamble a bit.

Some states may support the expansion of sports betting, while others oppose it. About the only law that has been changed in 25 years is the one requiring the riverboats to actually sail. Johns, shaking his head, recalled that the Golden Nugget, the last casino to open in Louisiana using the last available license, basically dredged a slew from Bayou Contraband in Lake Charles, built a barge structure to put the gaming floor with 75 table games and 1, slot machines over water, then put up a resort around it with 1, hotel rooms in a story tower and an hole golf course.

But the casino has to have a paddle wheel, a pilothouse and a crew. Tilman Fertitta, president and chief executive officer of Fertitta Entertainment Inc. Today, with 40 states allowing gambling, Louisiana is one of the last few clinging to the old riverboat model. For riverboat casinos that actually sailed at one point, a whole new set of problems have emerged. Marty Brown, general manager of the Belle of Baton Rouge, testified that the casino hires divers to check and maintain the hulls.

When the river rises, Brown has to deploy workers to remove trees and other flotsam that jams the boat.

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Lake Charles, Louisiana: The Golden Nugget